Abstract



 
   

Volume 6 - No. 2
SURFACE MODIFICATION OF CARBONACEOUS ADSORBENTS FOR REMOVAL OF NITRATE FROM WATER  
 

روش‌های اصلاح سطح جاذب‌های کربنی به منظور جذب نیترات از آب

نوشین رئیسی خیرآبادی, نوشین سلمان تبریزی و پروانه سنگ¬پور

تاريخ ثبت اوليه: // ، تاريخ دريافت نسخه اصلاح شده: // ، تاريخ پذيرش قطعي: //

چكيده     وجود نیترات در آب آشامیدنی یکی از مشکلات محیط زیستی بزرگ در چند دهه اخیر بوده است. برای حذف این ترکیب روش¬های گوناگونی تاکنون ارائه شده است که در این مطالعه روش جذب با توجه به سهولت استفاده، سادگی و صرفه اقتصادی، بیشتر مورد بحث خواهد بود. در میان انواع جاذب¬ها، جاذب¬های کربنی به دلیل داشتن تخلخل زیاد، روش تهیه ساده و پایدرای شیمیایی به عنوان جاذب¬هایی مناسب برای این منظور استفاده می¬شوند که البته با توجه به ماهیت این جاذب¬ها و ساختار آنیون نیترات، جذب بهتر نیترات توسط جاذب¬های کربنی با انجام عملیات اصلاح سطح صورت می¬پذیرد. برای اصلاح سطح این جاذب¬ها روش¬های متعددی وجود دارد که در این مقاله مروری انواع این روش¬ها بیان می¬شود و پرکاربردترین و موثرترین آن¬ها به تفصیل توضیح داده می¬شود.

كلمات كليدي    Surface modification, carbonaceous adsorbents, Nitrate removal.



Surface Modification of Carbonaceous Adsorbents for Removal of Nitrate from Water

Noushin Raeisi Kheirabadi, Nooshin Salman Tabrizi and Parvaneh Sangpour

Abstract    Excessive amount of nitrate in water has been a major environmental problem in recent decades. Although various techniques have been applied to remove this pollutant from water, adsorption method is widely practiced due to its ease of use and cost effectiveness. Among various adsorbents, carbonaceous adsorbents are specifically important because of their high porosity, chemical stability and facile preparation. To enhance the adsorption of nitrate anion, the surface of carbonaceous adsorbent should often be modified properly due to their nature and Nitrate structure. There are various methods for surface modification of these adsorbents. The present paper reviews the most effective surface modification techniques.

Keywords    Surface modification, carbonaceous adsorbents, Nitrate removal.

 

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